Perceived Stress of High School Students



Academic stress, factors causing stress, perceived stress scale, stress, symptoms.


This study evaluates the prevalence and severity of perceived stress amongst 638 students ranging from grade nine to twelve in Phuntshothang School under Punakha district, Bhutan. The quantitative method was used with the perceived stress scale (PSS) as a research tool to understand the level of stress in students. A questionnaire with a 5-Point Likert scale was instituted to understand the symptoms of stress and the factors causing stress. The Cronbach’s alpha was calculated to be 0.90 and 0.83 for symptoms and factors, respectively, which were greater than 0.7 and in conformity with the reliability test. Findings showed low to severe levels of stress amongst students, with minimum students experiencing low and severe stress, and a majority of them experiencing moderate stress. Symptoms like fatigue, difficulty falling asleep, boredom, depression, diarrhea, cramps, gastritis, constipation, restlessness, and itching were experienced less frequently, while the majority of the students experienced headache, tense muscles, sore neck and back, anxiety, worries, phobias, irritability, anger and eating disorder more frequently. Among the five factors, physical factors, family factors, academic factors, relationship factors, and social factors, the study found social factors to be the greatest cause of stress, followed by academic factors. Family factors and relationship factors contributed least to stress after physical factors. The Significant gender difference was observed, with more male students suffering from stress than female students. The school management, counsellors, and teachers are recommended to organize stress management programs and design recreational activities to engage students and keep them stress-free.


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Author Biographies

Yeshi Nidup, Ministry of education, Thimphu, Bhutan

Mr. Yeshi Nidip is currently a Vice-principal at Phuentsholing Higher Secondary School, Phuentsholing. He will be joining his new office as an Education Monitoring Officer, at the Ministry of Education, Bhutan. He is keen on conducting academic research.

Deepak Raj Chetri, Phuntsholing Middle Secondary School, Phuentsholing Thromde, Bhutan

Mr. Deepak is a Physics teacher at Phuentsholing Middle Secondary School, Phuentholing, Bhutan. He is a novice researcher with keen in educational research. 

Singye Wangchuk, Sonamgang Middle Secondary school, Phuentsholing, Bhutan

Mr. Signye Wangchuk is a Physics Teacher at Sonamgang Middle Secondary School, Phuentsholing, Bhutan. He is interested in carrying out educational research. 

Thinley Jamtsho, Phuentsholing Middle Secondary School, Phuentsholing, Bhutan

Mr. Thinley Jamtsho is an ICT teacher at Phuentsholing Middle Secondary School. He is interested in conducting educational research. 

Bagawath Bhandari , Phuentsholing Higher Secondary School, Phuentsholing, Bhutan

Mr. Bagawath Bhandari is an English teacher at Phuentsholing Higher Secondary School. He is a passionate poet. He is also a novice researcher who is interested in taking up research in the field of education. 


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