Perceived Stress of High School Students
Keywords:Academic stress, factors causing stress, perceived stress scale, stress, symptoms.
This study evaluates the prevalence and severity of perceived stress amongst 638 students ranging from grade nine to twelve in Phuntshothang School under Punakha district, Bhutan. The quantitative method was used with the perceived stress scale (PSS) as a research tool to understand the level of stress in students. A questionnaire with a 5-Point Likert scale was instituted to understand the symptoms of stress and the factors causing stress. The Cronbach’s alpha was calculated to be 0.90 and 0.83 for symptoms and factors, respectively, which were greater than 0.7 and in conformity with the reliability test. Findings showed low to severe levels of stress amongst students, with minimum students experiencing low and severe stress, and a majority of them experiencing moderate stress. Symptoms like fatigue, difficulty falling asleep, boredom, depression, diarrhea, cramps, gastritis, constipation, restlessness, and itching were experienced less frequently, while the majority of the students experienced headache, tense muscles, sore neck and back, anxiety, worries, phobias, irritability, anger and eating disorder more frequently. Among the five factors, physical factors, family factors, academic factors, relationship factors, and social factors, the study found social factors to be the greatest cause of stress, followed by academic factors. Family factors and relationship factors contributed least to stress after physical factors. The Significant gender difference was observed, with more male students suffering from stress than female students. The school management, counsellors, and teachers are recommended to organize stress management programs and design recreational activities to engage students and keep them stress-free.
Akacan, B. (2017). Stress Experiences and Reactions of University Students Studying in the
Education Faculties EURASIA Journal of Mathematics Science and Technology Education, 13(10), 6883–6890. https://doi.org/10.12973/ejmste/78528
Arria, A., O'Grady, K., Caldeira, K., Vincent, K., Wilcox, H., & Wish, E. (2009). Suicide ideation among college students: A multivariate analysis. Archives of Suicide Research, 13(3), 230-246. https://doi.org/10.1080/13811110903044351
Bataineh, M. Z. (2013). Academic stress among undergraduate students: The case of the education faculty at King Saud University. International Interdisciplinary Journal of Education, 2(1), 82–88. https://doi.org/10.48082/espacios-a20v41n42p10
Bhargava, D., & Trivedi, H. (2018). A Study of Causes of Stress and Stress Management among Youth IRA-International Journal of Management & Social Sciences, 11(3), 108–117. http://dx.doi.org/10.21013/jmss.v11.n3.p1
Beltran, N. Y., Martinez, A., Rodriguez, J. D., & Valserrama, Y. M. (2020). Perceived stress levels due to the SARS-COv2 pandemic in students at the Bosa Porvenir facilities of the Universidad Distrital (Colombia). Espacios, 41(42). https://doi.org/10.48082/espacios-a20v41n42p10
Chao, R. C. L. (2012). Managing perceived stress among college students: The roles of social support and dysfunctional coping. Journal of college counseling, 15(1), 5-21.
Cohen, S., Kamarck, T., & Mermelstein, R. (1983). A global measure of perceived stress. Journal of health and social behavior, 385-396.
Dangi R.R, George M. (2020). Psychological Perception of Students During COVID-19 Outbreak in India. High Technol Lett. 26(6), 142–78.
Edjah, K., Ankomah, F., Domey, E., & Laryea, J. E. (2020). Stress and Its Impact on Academic and Social Life of Undergraduate University Students in Ghana: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. Open Education Studies, 2(1), 37–44. https://doi.org/10.1515/edu-2020-0100
Jia, Y. F., & Loo, Y. T. (2018). Prevalence and determinants of perceived stress among undergraduate students in a Malaysian University. Journal of Health and Translational Medicine, 21(1).
Khan, M. J., Altaf, S., & Kausar, H. (2013). Effect of Perceived Academic Stress on Students’
Performance [Review of Effect of Perceived Academic Stress on Students’ Performance].
FWU Journal of Social Sciences, 7(2), 146–151.
Lazarus, R.S. & Folkman, S. (1984). Stress, Appraisal & Coping. Springer Publishing Company: New York.
LeBlanc, V. R. (2009). The effects of acute stress on performance: Implications for health professions education. Academic Medicine, 84(Supplement), S25- S33. https://doi.org/10.1097/acm.0b013e3181b37b8f
Neeta, K.M. & Singh, D.R. (2020). Academic Stress Among Higher Secondary School Students. A Critical Study, 9(10), 303-306.
Omar, M., Bahaman, A. H., Lubis, F. A., Ahmad, S. A., Ibrahim, F., Aziz, S. N., Ismail, F. D., & Tamuri, A. R. (2020). Perceived academic stress among students in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia. Proceedings of the International Conference on Student and Disable Student Development 2019 (ICoSD 2019). https://doi.org/10.2991/assehr.k.200921.021
Prabu, S. (2015). A Study on Academic Stress among Higher Secondary Students [Review of A Study on Academic Stress among Higher Secondary Students]. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science Invention, 4(10), 63–68.
Rana, A., Gulati, R., & Wadhwa, V. (2019). Stress among students: An emerging issue [Review of Stress among students: An emerging issue]. INTEGRATED JOURNAL of SOCIAL
SCIENCES, 6(2), 44–48.
Richlin-Klonsky, J. & Hoe, R. (2003). Sources and Levels of Stress among UCLA Students. Student Affairs Briefing, 2.
Rogala, L., Miller, N., Graff, L. A., Rawsthorne, P., Clara, I., Walker, J. R., & Bernstein, C. N. (2008). Population-based controlled study of social support, self-perceived stress, activity and work issues, and access to health care in inflammatory bowel disease. Inflammatory bowel diseases, 14(4), 526-535.
Yasmin, H., Khalil, S., & Mazhar, R. (2020). Covid 19: Stress Management among Students and its Impact on Their Effective Learning [Review of Covid 19: Stress Management among Students and its Impact on Their Effective Learning]. International Technology and Education Journal, 4(2), 65–74.
Simpson, S. (2018). Stress triggers, the effects stress has on social, mental, and physical behavior in college students, and coping mechanisms used; Murray state's Digital Commons,https://digitalcommons.murraystate.edu/bis437/215?utm_source=digitalcommons.murraystate.edu%2Fbis437%2F215&utm_medium=PDF&utm_campaign=PDFCoverPages.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Yeshi Nidup, Deepak Raj Cheri, Singye Wangchuk, Thinley Jamtsho, Bagawath Bhandari
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The work is provided under the terms of the Public Offer and of Creative Commons public license Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). This license allows unlimited persons to reproduce and share the Licensed Material in all media and formats. Any use of the Licensed Material shall contain an identification of its Creator(s) and must be for non-commercial purposes only.