Assessing challenges and strategies to improve speaking English at Tarphel Primary School
Keywords:Communication, English speaking, strategies, students.
Educating, learning, communicating, and expressing ideas and knowledge are all possible through language. In Bhutan, English and Dzongkha are used as mediums of instruction in schools. Although English is the medium of instruction, students struggle to communicate in English. Even after the teacher's best efforts, the students are falling behind in their English speaking. As a result, this research aimed to determine the cause of difficulty speaking English, ways to improve, and the best strategies to improve speaking habits. The data were gathered using total population sampling. Open-ended questionnaires were used to collect data. The findings showed that students have difficulty speaking English as a result of a number of factors, including linguistic factors, psychological factors, and the environment in which they live. The results also showed that level-one assistance, body language, and using different media instruments could improve English speaking skills. Furthermore, the study indicates that group discussion is the most effective strategy for improving speaking skills. This study will be helpful to educators in enhancing their students’ English-speaking skills
Abrar, M., Mukminin, A., Habibi, A., Asyrafi, F., & Marzulina, L. (2018). " If our English isn't a language, what is it?" Indonesian EFL Student Teachers' Challenges Speaking English. The Qualitative Report, 23(1), 129-145. Retrieved from http://nsuworks.nova.edu/tqr/vol23/iss1/9
Ahmed, N., Pathan, Z. H., & Khan, F. S. (2017). Exploring the causes of English language speaking anxiety among postgraduate students of university of Balochistan, Pakistan. International Journal of English Linguistics, 7(2), 99-105. http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ijel.v7n2p99
Atmowardoyo, H., & Sakkir, G. (2021). Effects of best-practice based materials in receptive language learning behaviours in improving receptive language skills. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(S1), 1313–1334. https://doi.org/10.21744/lingcure.v5ns1.1604
Chema, R., Soviyah, M., & Soviyah, M. (2022, August). Southern Thai students’ anxiety in speaking English in the classroom. In International Undergraduate Conference on English Education (IUCEE) (Vol. 1, No. 1). Retrieved from: http://www.seminar.uad.ac.id/index.php/IUCEE2022/article/view/9271
Chien, S. Y., Hwang, G. J., & Jong, M. S. Y. (2020). Effects of peer assessment within the context of spherical video-based virtual reality on EFL students’ English-Speaking performance and learning perceptions. Computers and Education, 146, 103751. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2019.103751
Chooma, T., Seangkul, C., & Bulsathaporn, A. (2022). The Implementation of Communication Strategies to Improve English Speaking Skills for Eco - Cultural Tourism Staff at Highland Development Area in Thailand. 6(1), 18–32. Retrieved from https://so02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jam/article/view/253066
Crisianita, S., & Mandasari, B. (2022). The use of small-group discussion to improve students’. Journal of Research on Language Education (JoRLE) , 3 (1), 61-66. Retrieved from https://jurnal.fkip.uns.ac.id/index.php/bhs_inggris/article/download/7946/5789
Dalem, M. (2017). Difficulties of speaking that are encountered by English language students at Al Margeb University. Premise: Journal of English Education and Applied Linguistics, 6(2), 20-29. https://www.ojs.fkip.ummetro.ac.id/index.php/english/article/view/1002
Dendup, P. (2020). The Beliefs and Practices of Bhutanese English Teachers in Teaching Grammar in English as a Second Language (ESL) Classroom in Bhutan. International Journal of Linguistics and Translation Studies 1(2). https://doi.org/10.36892/ijlls.v1i2.321.INTRODUCTIONRecent
Dendhup, & Angkanoa. (2020). Effectiveness of Cooperative Learning on English Communicative Ability. International Journal of Instruction , 1 (1). https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ1239314
Dorji, J. (2017). Communicative language teaching as conceptualized by Bhutanese English as second language teachers. Indonesian EFL Journal, 3(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.25134/ieflj.v3i1.648
Etikan, I. (2016). Comparison of Convenience Sampling and Purposive Sampling. American Journal of Theoretical and Applied Statistics, 5(1), 1. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajtas.20160501.11
Gustina, P. (2022). An Analysis Of Students’ Difficulties In Speaking English At The Third Semester Of English Language Education Of FKIP UIR (Doctoral dissertation, Universitas Islam Riau). Retrieved from http://repository.uir.ac.id/id/eprint/11948
Harmer, J. (2008). How to teach English. ELT journal, 62(3), 313-316. https://doi.org/10.1093/elt/ccn029
Heriansyah, H. (2012). Speaking problems faced by the English department students of Syiah Kuala University. Lingua Didaktika: Jurnal Bahasa dan Pembelajaran Bahasa, 6(1), 37-44. https://doi.org/10.24036/ld.v6i1.7398
Islam, W., Ahmad, S., & Islam, MD (2022). Investigating the Problems Faced by the University EFL Learners in Speaking English Language. International Journal of TESOL & Education, 2(2), 47-65. https://doi.org/10.54855/ijte.22223
Jaina, M. F., Sukmawati, & Siradjuddin, S. (2022). Improving Students’ Speaking Skill by Using Scripted (Vol. 2).https://doi.org/10.56314/edulec.v2i1.32
Karabenick, S. A., & Noda, P. A. C. (2004). Professional Development Implications of Teachers Beliefs and Attitudes Towa ... Bilingual Research Journal, 28(1), 55–76. https://news.cehd.umn.edu/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/attitudes-of-teachers-of-ELLs
Kayi, H. (2006). Teaching Speaking: Activities to Promote Speaking in. The Internet TESL Journal. 11(12), 1-6.
Knapp, M., & Hall, J. (2006). Nonverbal communication in human interaction. Belmont, CA:Thomson Wadsworth.
Larson, A. L., Cycyk, L. M., Carta, J. J., Hammer, C. S., Baralt, M., Uchikoshi, Y., An, Z. G., & Wood, C. (2020). A systematic review of language-focused interventions for young children from culturally and linguistically diverse backgrounds. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 50, 157–178. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecresq.2019.06.001
Mohammed, A. M. K. A., & Ahmed, R. B. A. (2021). The Impact of Discussion Activities on Improving Students’ Fluency in Speaking Skill. Amal Musa Karam Allah Mohammed and Rawda Bashir Abdulla Ahmed (2021) The Impact of Discussion Activities on Improving Students’ Fluency in Speaking Skill, British Journal of English Linguistics, 9(1), 1-10. https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=3785226
Namaziandost, E., Shatalebi, V., & Nasri, M. (2019). The impact of cooperative learning on developing speaking ability and motivation toward learning English. Journal of Language and Education, 5(3), 83–101. https://doi.org/10.17323/jle.2019.9809
Norbu, T., & Namgyel, T. (2019). Languages and Technology in Bhutan. Proceedings of the Language Technologies for All (LT4All), 235–238. https://www.dzongkha.gov.bt/uploads/files/articles/2019.lt4all-1.59_4eed77791273d8c5fe9ed6e665056600
O'Malley, J. M., & Chamot, A. U. (1990). Learning Strategies in Second Language Acquisition. Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139524490
Putri, S. A., Amri, S., & Ahmad, A. (2020). The students’ difficulties factor in speaking.J-shelves of indragiri (JSI), 1(2), 115-129. https://ejournal.unisi.ac.id/index.php/shelves/article/view/1059
Razmjoo, S., & Ardekani, S. (2011). A model of speaking strategies for EFL learners, The Journal of Teaching Language Skills (JTLS), 3(3), 115-142.
Ruzigul, R. (2022). Psychological Factors Worsening Speaking Skill in English Language. Retrieved from: https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/407531-the-psychological-factors-worsening-spea-715da02b.pdf
Shen, M., & Chiu, T. (2019). EFL Learners’ English Speaking Difficulties and Strategy Use. Education and Linguistics Research, 5(2), 88. https://doi.org/10.5296/elr.v5i2.15333
Sihotang, A. M., Sitanggang, F., Hasugian, N., & Saragih, E. (2021). The Effective Way to Develop Speaking Skills. IDEAS: Journal on English Language Teaching and Learning, Linguistics and Literature, 9(1). http://ejournal.iainpalopo.ac.id/index.php/ideas/article/view/1777
Skripsi, A., Hikmatul, L., Yani, F., Of, F., & Sciences, E. (2022). Students’ perception on using film as an English learning Media. Retrieved from https://repository.uinjkt.ac.id/dspace/handle/123456789/62776
Syaepul Uyun, A. (2022). Teaching English Speaking Strategies. Journal of English Language Learning, 6(1), 14–23. https://doi.org/10.31949/jell.v6i1.2475
Tarphel Primary School (2022). Policy Document (8th ed.)
Tika, H., Abadi, A., & Suryani, H. (2021). Students’ difficulties in speaking English at the second grade of MTs Negeri 1 Bungo in the academic year 2020/2021.
Thinley, D., & Maxwell, T. W. (2013). The Role of English in Culture Preservation in. Journal of Bhutan Studies , 28 (1). http://www.bhutanstudies.org.bt/publicationFiles/JBS/JBS_Vol28/JBS28
Wangmo, T. (2021). Study on Bilingual Proficiency of Bhutanese Children: Technology Intervention for Language Preservation. 5(28), 6 https://www.jrspelt.com/
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Janga Bdr Basnet, Namkha Wangmo, Ugyen Samdrup, Yonten Jamtsho
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The work is provided under the terms of the Public Offer and of Creative Commons public license Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0). This license allows unlimited persons to reproduce and share the Licensed Material in all media and formats. Any use of the Licensed Material shall contain an identification of its Creator(s) and must be for non-commercial purposes only.