Ordeal in Mevlevi Education in the Framework of Social Learning Theory
Keywords:Ordeal, mevlevi, mevlevihane, ordeal education, social learning theory.
The importance of spiritual maturation in the religion of Islam is the Prophet of Islam. It has an important place in the hadiths and life of Hz. Muhammad. This maturation occurs when a person resists his whims and resists his ego. This is subjected to a process of resistance. In the Mevlevi tradition, this process is defined as "ordeal". The ordeal takes 1001 days. The person who suffers is obliged to serve the people who came to the Mevlevi Lodge before him, not to fail in respect and dignity, and to fully fulfill the responsibilities given by the person he is in charge of. Every person in the Mevlevi lodge is called a soul. Each new soul tries to learn the manners and manners by observing the states and attitudes of other souls. It is noticed that the principle of following the role and model chosen by the person in the social learning theory also has a place in the Mevlevi education system. Social learning theory argues that individuals in society learn by modeling and observing other people based on the fact that the individual is a social being. The ordeal starts in the kitchen. In this place known as Matbah, it is necessary to accomplish all kinds of tasks given by Ascı Dede Efendi. This is the essence of the ordeal. Admiration is fed to those who complete the difficult path. If a person completes this journey that he started with the simplest services, he is considered to have reached perfection.
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